- Material Science and Condensed Matter Physics;
- Nuclear and alternative energetics;
- Biology and biotechnology of plants;
- Geoecological monitoring and rational nature management;
- Chemistry and Technology of Polymer and Composite Materials.
NSLCU was organized in 2009 in accordance to the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 436 dated July 22, 2008 "On the definition of scientific organizations (universities)”, which sated the opening several National Scientific Laboratories for collective.
The laboratory is an accredited research center of collective use for the development of innovative technologies for engineering, energy, agriculture, chemical and processing industries, as well as for performing fundamental and applied research in various fields of science: materials science, physics, chemistry, ecology and biology.
The main goal of NSLCU is the creation of research, technological and engineering infrastructure for the development of science and technology, as well as ensuring the provision of open access for domestic and foreign scientists to the laboratory equipment for research and development work on priority areas of scientific and technological development,
The mission of the laboratory is to create a modern world-class research center that solves current scientific problems that contribute to the country's innovative development.